How to create and register a domain – Complete Guide

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More than 3.9 million domains already exist in Brazil and you need to know how to register a domain too, right?

To take your online project, it is essential that you have a service Additional property amenities include saddled and also a domain registration.

These two elements may even impact the performance of your website, the SEO and its identity in the digital world. You will understand throughout this reading.

But before I explain to you how to create and register a domain, you must understand what is mastery, how they work and what types of domain that exist, right?

So this is a complete guide of how to create and register a domain step by step, but you will also understand what domain and how they work. 

At the end of this article you will be encouraged to apply their knowledge and so we recommend that you already have your hosting working.

What is Domain?

The domain name short and simple, is a physical address of a website. Just as satellite navigation need an address or postal code to provide guidance, a Web browser needs a domain name to direct you to a site.

A domain name takes the form of two main elements. For example, the name of Facebook.com domain consists of the site name (Facebook) and domain name extension (.com). When a company (or person) acquires a domain name, they can specify which server the domain name points.

Domain name registrations are overseen by a nonprofit organization called ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) in the case of .com registrations, responsible for supervision is RegistroBR . These “tax” specify which domain name extensions are available and maintains a centralized database where the domain names point.

Each site you visit actually consists of two main elements: a domain name and a web server.

  1. A Web server is a physical machine hosting the files and databases from which your site is done and send them to people on the Internet when they access your site from their computers.
  2. The domain name is what people type to access a site, after typing the address and point the browser to the server that stores these features. Without the domain name, people need to remember the IP number of the server to access the desired site, which would be really annoying.

Fun fact: Did you know that Google registered your domain on September 15, 1997? But this area has had another owner for a minute. Read the full story .

How domains work?

Domain names work acting as a shortcut to the server that hosts your website. Without a domain name, anyone who wanted to visit his site would have to enter the full IP address. But the problem is that an IP address is difficult for people to memorize or include in advertising materials.

In our case, Hostinger.com.br is the domain name. Let’s say the IP address is 100.90.80.70. He points to a server, but does not show the site if visitors try to use it. That’s because, to an IP address show a site, the remote server must be using port 80 with a standard page (ie index.html) stored in your Web application directory.

As you can see, move in server patterns and IP addresses can be confusing and time consuming. That’s why the vast majority of website owners choose to use a service like the Hostinger offering domain names grouped with annual hosting package .

Domains can also use redirects, which basically allows you to specify that if people visit your domain, they are automatically forwarded to another. This can be useful for campaigns and microsites or refer people to landing pages dedicated to your main site. They may also be useful to avoid confusion around spellings. For example, if you visit www.fb.com , will be forwarded to www.facebook.com .

Different types of domains

Not all domain names follow the same formula, and though the .com account for 46.5% of all global websites, this still leaves plenty of room for other types of domain name, such as .org, .uk and .net. Overall, the most common types of domain names include:

TLD (top level domains)

Top-level domain , or top – level domain, is exactly what it sounds like: a type of domain name that is the top level of the Internet ‘s domain name system. There are over a thousand TLDs available, but the most common include .com, .uk, .org, .net, and .edu.

The official list of TLDs is maintained by an organization called Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and can be seen here . The list also includes TLDs and ccTLDs gTLDs, which we’ll discuss below.

ccTLD: top level domain country code

The ccTLDs use only two letters and are based on international codes of countries such as .us for the United States, .jp for Japan and .uk for Brazil. They are often used by companies that are creating dedicated websites for specific regions and can be a good way to signal to users that they have reached the right place.

gTLD: generic top-level domain

A gTLD is primarily a TLD that does not depend on a country code. Many gTLDs designed to a specific use case, such as .edu, facing educational institutions. That said, you do not need to meet any specific criteria to register a gTLD, and that’s why the .com is not used for commercial purposes only. Other examples of gTLD include .mil (military), .gov (government), .org (for non-profit organizations and organizations) and .net, which was originally designed for Internet service providers (ISPs), but is now used much more widely.

Difference between domain and web hosting

Turning what has been said earlier in this article, if your domain name is your physical address, then a hosting is like the place you are.

Domain names are used to create a handy little shortcut to link that visitors type in a server address to the bar used to host the site. They are digital and stored in a centralized database.

Hosting is a little different because it requires a physical server that is connected to the Internet. The server acts as a HD on a computer, containing all the files and sites database.

When you type a URL (ie www.hostinger.com.br) in your Web browser, it sends a request to the specific server where your site is hosted. The server uploads the files and transmits them over the Internet to the device you are using, which downloads the files and displays them.

How to choose a domain?

How to choose your domain

Before knowing how to buy a domain, it is interesting that you make some sort of investigation. After all, the name of your site is one of the first things your visitors will see. Below are 9 killer tips to know and if you can, practice before buying any domain.

  1. Do your research. It is important that you study your niche of expertise and know what the average user wants. Be aware of the main keywords and search terms servings will help you find a domain that represents your business well.
  2. Have a catchy domain name that is easy to remember. Do not choose something that is overly long or difficult to pronounce. A captivating and short domain will increase your chances of visitors remember the name of your site.
  3. Choose the .com extension or .com if possible. Currently, the .com and .com are the most popular among internet sites. So it is interesting to prioritize these elements when buying a domain on the Internet because users will recognize the logo.
  4. Check trademark violations. To avoid legal problems, is not a good idea to buy and register very similar domains with existing domains and are very popular. For example: major brands. You can use various online tools to get trademark registration information and avoid these situations.   
  5. Avoid numbers and hyphens. Although numbers and hyphens enable a wider range of fields, they can sometimes do more harm than good. For example, people may confuse the number 0 (zero) with the letter O . Or changing the number 2 by the word TWO . Because of this, avoid these types of characters can be a good idea.  
  6. See nearby alternatives. If you already have a domain in mind, think of clerical errors variations that may end up taking all potential traffic to your site. A great example of how this happens is amzon.com , which takes the visitor to the Amazon site. Or fb.com , which takes it directly to Facebook.
  7. Search on social networks. Once you already have a range of options for their future domain, take a survey on social networks like Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and YouTube. Even if you have no plans to use it right away, it’s interesting to book a page for your design on these platforms. So no one takes her first.
  8. Consider the field of longevity. Sites and domains are long-term investments. So, think about possibilities of exaggerated names for your domain may not be the best long-term approach. So do not be afraid to think outside the box and draws up a list of potential generous ideals.
  9. Discuss your ideas. If you find you’re going through difficulties in choosing a domain name, you may need some help. Present your ideas for family, friends and co-workers. Maybe they have one tip or advice that may be missing in your project.

How much does a domain?

Costs from R $ 40.00 per year, the domain will be the least of investments you have time to create a website.

There is registration free domain? Yes. You can create a free domain when buying a web hosting, for example. The Hostinger offers hosting plans with free domain registration , see the values and save.

Another alternative is the site Dot.tk offering free domains with .tk extensions, .ml, .ga, among others.

But creating a free domain linked to the platform is not well seen by users. This is because the domain registrar will visually exposed to that domain belongs to him and not the owner of the site.

Also, you will not fully complete autonomy of your project and your brand as your domain will be something like your marca.wordpress.com.br, got it?

The same happens with the email of your company that will not be personalized. We believe that it affects your credibility and professionalism in the digital world.

But do not worry. By creating a free domain in Hostinger gives you complete management of your website and you can have unlimited email accounts.

How to buy a domain (in 3 steps)

Now that you know how to choose a domain name, you may be wondering how to buy a domain. This process is quite simple. Below we will guide you in a step by step to be able to do everything without problem. Just follow the instructions.

Step 1 – Find a domain checker

Your journey to learn how to buy a domain begins with checking whether a domain is available for purchase. Incidentally, the Hostinger have a tool that checks the availability of any domain you wish to have.   

checking domain available in hostinger

Step 2 – Make a domain name search

Now, enter the name you want to use in your domain in the Display field and press in Show . Wait for the results and the tool will display for you which domains and extensions are available to buy and register.

checking domain availability on Hostinger

Step 3 – Choose your domain

Once you find the perfect name for your business online, it’s time to choose it. You can follow this process with choosing the option ADD TO CART .

buying a domain in Hostinger

If you have no plans to change the name of your domain or to look for more variations, proceed to the payment methods. The window you will see will be like the picture below, where you can also complete the transaction.

Domain payment methods in Hostinger

Now that you’ve bought a domain, you need to register it, in fact, it works. This way you can have access to your site and start creating content towards your success journey on the Internet.

How to register a domain?

It’s time to put your hands dirty. We will register a domain.

To register a national domain, know that you must have a valid CPF or CNPJ and without any problem in the IRS. Then, just follow the steps below to be able to register a domain. 

Registering a domain in Hostinger

First, find out how to register a domain in Hostinger through this video. The content shows a very detailed step by step the options and buttons you must press to complete the process. 

This step by step how to register a domain applies to extensions .com and .com because of permission that explained earlier. Wait for the support finalize the process with the domain registration and activation.

Registering a domain in Registro.br

Now see how to register a domain in Registro.br. You must follow the steps below.

  1. access registro.br
  2. Search for the desired domain and click register if you agree.how to register a domain step by step

Note: if you want to buy this domain for longer periods, click Other Values ​​and check the prices.Consult value domains

  1. Fill in the following field with the Social Security number of the domain owner.Registering a domain
  2. If you are already register on the site, enter your username and password to proceed. But if this is your first time to register domains, fill in all the data.
  3. Click the button to agree to the terms of service, and then click Register.Terms to register a domain
  4. You will receive a message about the status of your order. Continue when you receive the notification by email.Buy a domain
  5. Follow the payment instructions you receive in the mail and ready.

Confirm the status of your domain on the same panel domains. In print below, note that they have two examples.Finalizing the registration of a domain

The first domain has not yet been paid and it still signals only as “new” and the button to pay.

In the second area, the status is already published.

With either of these options, for a hosting company or direct in registro.br you already have your own domain.

How to buy an existing domain?

And if your company is already consolidated in the market and a failed strategy does not have a website but someone has appropriated the domain that bears the name of your brand, what to do?

The way is to negotiate. As already mentioned, the registration mark does not guarantee the domain registration.

Except in cases of very big brands that mastery is judicially referred to the brand.

There are cases of millionaire transactions on the purchase of a domain. In 2016, the InfoMoney released a list of 10 most expensive domains of all time and the number one on the list is valued at U $$ 13 million. Have you thought?

How to protect your domain?

How to protect your domain

Internet security is everything and this also involves your domain. You do not want to be surprised by bad news, is not it?

So we list some tips to help you in safety.

  1. Buy your domain in other extensions.
  2. Avoid registration free domain. Remember that you will want a site completely yours.
  3. Register the domain of your marketing campaigns.
  4. Purchase domains that your customer can find while trying to find your site. For example: testedominio.com.br and testesdominio.com.br and variables.
  5. Protect your data in the Whois. When you register a domain your personal data are available in a database for everyone. Invest in domain registration protection to have confidentiality of such information. For national domains can not hide the data holder.

Transferring a domain from one provider to another

Domain names can also be transferred through the domain registrations, however, there are some conditions for this.

  1. 60 days or more must have passed since the last registration or transfer.
  2. The domain should not be in status “Redemption” or “Pending Delete”.
  3. You must have your domain’s authorization code (also known as EPP code).
  4. Domain ownership details must be valid and privacy protection services should be disabled.

Although not required to transfer your domain, have all the services in one location can greatly simplify the management process

Conclusion

Ready! When the subject is how to register a domain you are already equipped with enough information to search and choose a killer domain.

And before closing this issue, we leave some suggestions for content that are on our YouTube channel. There you will find:

Is there anything else you want to know about registering a domain? Leave your suggestion in the comments that our role is to help you.

Enjoy standing with freshly baked lessons in the head and check if your domain is available by clicking here .